How to Get Rid of Tomato Blight
Humans are not the only ones affected by diseases as other organisms in the planet are susceptible to it as well. Plants can be infected by different diseases and an example would be tomatoes who are often victims of blight disease. This type of disease can spread from the fruit to the plant destroying the crop in the process.
Tomato blight is characterized by brown or white lesions and spots on the tomato, leaves or the whole plants. It is a type of fungal infection, and as we all know, fungal infections can spread easily and can destroy the plant’s foliage and fruit. The disease usually occurs without warning and can lay waste to what otherwise are healthy plants.
The spread of tomato blight can jump from one plant to another and this is the reason why they should be treated with urgency. There are three types of blight that tomatoes can acquire; these are early blight, late blight and Septoria blight. The treatment you can perform for this type of disease can vary but effective nonetheless:
Remove infected parts
Since tomato blight can spread rather quickly to other parts of the plant, you should remove the part that shows signs of symptoms of blight. First check all parts of the plants starting with the leaves. Remove the infected leaves including the stems, you can see lesions of gray or brown spots and the leaves may roll slightly on the edge. You can clip them off by using sterilized, sharp pruning scissors. To further stop the spread of the disease, you should collect the clippings and store it in plastic bags so the fungal spores won’t go airborne. Every time you cut a new section, rub the blade with alcohol to remove the spores.
Since tomato blight is the result of fungi infestation, it is normal that we use fungicides before it turns into blight. Copper based fungicide should be sprayed on the plant if you see symptoms of blight if the condition worsens even after you try different strategies to control the disease. Fungicides have label directions for the amount of it to be sprayed so it won’t damage the plant. Use the fungicide with the appropriate formulation and observe so that you will be able to know if repeat application is required every week.
After growing season, there are crop residues that would eventually fall off the plants that can spread fungi spores. Make sure that you watch out for these crops and collect them to be placed inside plastic bags so that the spores will be controlled. You can also plow the residues down to the soil so that the microorganisms and the will be broken and that the diseases are prevented to occur on other plants.
Perform natural methods
Try to learn and practice good cultivation skills when handling plants so that tomato blight will be prevented. When planting tomatoes, you should never plant them in the same location, meaning you should rotate the position of the plants every year. Provide proper air circulation between the plants so that it would reduce the spread of fungi. Build wooden stakes or wire cages around the plants so that it would provide support to the plants and will allow them to grow upward. This way they dry faster and we all know that moisture exacerbates fungal condition.